Skip32 (crypt 32 bits)

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skip32

Works with PostgreSQL

Any version

Written in

PL/pgSQL

Depends on

Nothing


skip32 encrypts or decrypts a single int4 (32 bits) value with a 10 bytes (80 bits) key of bytea type.

It may be used to generate series of unique values that look random, or to obfuscate a SERIAL primary key without loosing its unicity property.

Skip32 is based on the Skipjack block cipher.

A C implementation is also available through the cryptint extension on PGXN. It runs much faster than the plpgsql version proposed here, but needs compilation and installation by a superuser.

Warning: algorithms that use short encryption keys like Skipjack are considered too easy to breach by a sufficiently motivated attacker with today's computing power and cryptanalysis knowledge. Don't use this for real cryptography.

/*
   Encrypts an integer (4 bytes) with the Skip32 block cipher
   based on Skipjack.
   Arguments:  
      - int4 value to encrypt/decrypt
      - bytea encryption key, 10 bytes long
      - direction: true to encrypt, false to decrypt
 
   Encrypt usage:
     select skip32(1234, bytea '\xC0ffeeFaceC0ffeeFeed', true);
   Decrypt usage:
     select skip32(783287961, bytea '\xC0ffeeFaceC0ffeeFeed', false);
 
   As each value encrypts into another unique value (given an encryption
   key), this may be used to obfuscate an int4 primary key without loosing
   the unicity property.
 
   plpgsql implementation by Daniel Vérité.
   Based on C code from:
     SKIP32 -- 32 bit block cipher based on SKIPJACK.
     Written by Greg Rose, QUALCOMM Australia, 1999/04/27.
   See also:
     http://search.cpan.org/~esh/Crypt-Skip32-0.17/
*/
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION skip32(val int4, cr_key bytea, encrypt bool) returns int4
AS $$
DECLARE
  kstep int;
  k int;
  wl int4;
  wr int4;
  g1 int4;
  g2 int4;
  g3 int4;
  g4 int4;
  g5 int4;
  g6 int4;
  ftable bytea:='\xa3d70983f848f6f4b321157899b1aff9e72d4d8ace4cca2e5295d91e4e3844280adf02a017f1606812b77ac3e9fa3d5396846bbaf2639a197caee5f5f7166aa239b67b0fc193811beeb41aead0912fb855b9da853f41bfe05a58805f660bd89035d5c0a733066569450094566d989b7697fcb2c2b0fedb20e1ebd6e4dd474a1d42ed9e6e493ccd4327d207d4dec7671889cb301f8dc68faac874dcc95d5c31a47088612c9f0d2b8750825464267d0340344b1c73d1c4fd3bccfb7fabe63e5ba5ad04239c145122f02979717eff8c0ee20cefbc72756f37a1ecd38e628b8610e8087711be924f24c532369dcff3a6bbac5e6ca9135725b5e3bda83a0105592a46';
BEGIN
  IF (octet_length(cr_key)!=10) THEN
    RAISE EXCEPTION 'The encryption key must be exactly 10 bytes long.';
  END IF;
 
  IF (encrypt) THEN
    kstep := 1;
    k := 0;
  ELSE
    kstep := -1;
    k := 23;
  END IF;
 
  wl := (val & -65536) >> 16;
  wr := val & 65535;
 
  FOR i IN 0..11 LOOP
    g1 := (wl>>8) & 255;
    g2 := wl & 255;
    g3 := get_byte(ftable, g2 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k)%10)) # g1;
    g4 := get_byte(ftable, g3 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+1)%10)) # g2;
    g5 := get_byte(ftable, g4 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+2)%10)) # g3;
    g6 := get_byte(ftable, g5 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+3)%10)) # g4;
    wr := wr # (((g5<<8) + g6) # k);
    k := k + kstep;
 
    g1 := (wr>>8) & 255;
    g2 := wr & 255;
    g3 := get_byte(ftable, g2 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k)%10)) # g1;
    g4 := get_byte(ftable, g3 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+1)%10)) # g2;
    g5 := get_byte(ftable, g4 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+2)%10)) # g3;
    g6 := get_byte(ftable, g5 # get_byte(cr_key, (4*k+3)%10)) # g4;
    wl := wl # (((g5<<8) + g6) # k);
    k := k + kstep;
  END LOOP;
 
  RETURN (wr << 16) | (wl & 65535);
 
END
$$ immutable strict language plpgsql;

Sample output:

SELECT
  x,
  encx AS encrypted,
  skip32(encx, 'nooneknows'::bytea,false) AS decrypted
FROM (SELECT x, skip32(x, 'nooneknows'::bytea, true) AS encx
      FROM generate_series(-10,10) AS x
   ) AS s;

  x  |  encrypted  | decrypted 
-----+-------------+-----------
 -10 |  -487745093 |       -10
  -9 | -2112342827 |        -9
  -8 |  1303049886 |        -8
  -7 | -1084841580 |        -7
  -6 |   560956799 |        -6
  -5 |    82237967 |        -5
  -4 |   425659720 |        -4
  -3 | -2105383591 |        -3
  -2 | -1511018704 |        -2
  -1 | -1020536589 |        -1
   0 |  1500550465 |         0
   1 |  1203450477 |         1
   2 |  1404417409 |         2
   3 |  -495049695 |         3
   4 | -1940533399 |         4
   5 |  -121441692 |         5
   6 |  1957824249 |         6
   7 | -1677320563 |         7
   8 |    21505071 |         8
   9 | -1867910739 |         9
  10 | -1277220617 |        10

(21 rows)
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