From PostgreSQL wiki
PostgreSQL builtin & contrib
PostgreSQL collects lots of data on its own and offers it via the pg_stat(io)_ system views
The following extensions offer access to Postgres internals which may be of interest or collect additional information. Most of them are shipped with Postgres (the -contrib packages may need to be installed) and can be activated via the extension interface.
pg_stat_statements tracks all queries that are executed on the server and records average runtime per query "class" among other parameters.
pg_stat_plans extends on pg_stat_statements and records query plans for all executed quries. This is very helpful when you're experiencing performance regressions due to inefficient query plans due to changed parameters or table sizes.
pgstattuple can generate statistics for tables and indexes, showing how much space in each table & index is consumed by live tuples, deleted tuples as well as how much unused space is available in each relation.
check_postgres is a command line tool which is designed to be run from software like Icinga, MRTG or as a standalone tool. It can monitor many aspects of the database and trigger warnings when thresholds are violated.
Interfaces & collectors
Useful for network management systems which are limited to SNMP protocol.
Generic monitoring solutions with plugins
- PostgreSQL Plugins developed in Perl are included in the Core Munin Distribution. The following plugins are included by default: postgres_bgwriter, postgres_locks_, postgres_tuples_, postgres_cache_, postgres_querylength_, postgres_users, postgres_checkpoints, postgres_scans_, postgres_xlog, postgres_connections_, postgres_size_, postgres_connections_db, postgres_transactions_.
- PyMunin - Multigraph Munin Plugins in Python - PyMunin includes a Multigraph Munin Plugin for PostgreSQL that implements the following graphs: pg_connections, pg_diskspace, pg_blockreads, pg_xact, pg_tup_read, pg_tup_write, pg_blockreads_detail, pg_xact_commit_detail, pg_xact_rollback_detail, pg_tup_return_detail, pg_tup_fetch_detail, pg_tup_delete_detail, pg_tup_update_detail, pg_tup_insert_detail.
- PostgreSQL Monitoring With Munin. Detailed setup instructions for common Linux platforms.