Lock dependency information

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Performance Snippets

Lock dependency info

Works with PostgreSQL

Any version

Written in

SQL

Depends on

Nothing

At times it is very usefull to see which locks depend uppon each other.

Flat View of Blocking

All columns prefixed with waiting_ hold information about the not granted lock, while the colums prefixed with other_ hold information about other locks on the same relation respectively transactionid

-- For PostgreSQL Version < 9.2
SELECT 
    waiting.locktype           AS waiting_locktype,
    waiting.relation::regclass AS waiting_table,
    waiting_stm.current_query  AS waiting_query,
    waiting.mode               AS waiting_mode,
    waiting.pid                AS waiting_pid,
    other.locktype             AS other_locktype,
    other.relation::regclass   AS other_table,
    other_stm.current_query    AS other_query,
    other.mode                 AS other_mode,
    other.pid                  AS other_pid,
    other.granted              AS other_granted
FROM
    pg_catalog.pg_locks AS waiting
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_stat_activity AS waiting_stm
    ON (
        waiting_stm.procpid = waiting.pid
    )
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_locks AS other
    ON (
        (
            waiting."database" = other."database"
        AND waiting.relation  = other.relation
        )
        OR waiting.transactionid = other.transactionid
    )
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_stat_activity AS other_stm
    ON (
        other_stm.procpid = other.pid
    )
WHERE
    NOT waiting.granted
AND
    waiting.pid <> other.pid


-- For PostgreSQL Version >= 9.2
SELECT 
    waiting.locktype           AS waiting_locktype,
    waiting.relation::regclass AS waiting_table,
    waiting_stm.query          AS waiting_query,
    waiting.mode               AS waiting_mode,
    waiting.pid                AS waiting_pid,
    other.locktype             AS other_locktype,
    other.relation::regclass   AS other_table,
    other_stm.query            AS other_query,
    other.mode                 AS other_mode,
    other.pid                  AS other_pid,
    other.granted              AS other_granted
FROM
    pg_catalog.pg_locks AS waiting
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_stat_activity AS waiting_stm
    ON (
        waiting_stm.pid = waiting.pid
    )
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_locks AS other
    ON (
        (
            waiting."database" = other."database"
        AND waiting.relation  = other.relation
        )
        OR waiting.transactionid = other.transactionid
    )
JOIN
    pg_catalog.pg_stat_activity AS other_stm
    ON (
        other_stm.pid = other.pid
    )
WHERE
    NOT waiting.granted
AND
    waiting.pid <> other.pid


It would be useful to add extra columns indicating how long the waiting statement has been blocked.

Recursive View of Blocking

WITH RECURSIVE
     c(requested, current) AS
       ( VALUES
         ('AccessShareLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('RowShareLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('RowShareLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('RowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareLock'::text),
         ('RowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('RowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('RowExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareLock'::text),
         ('ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareLock'::text, 'RowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareLock'::text, 'ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'RowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'RowShareLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'RowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('ExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessShareLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'RowShareLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'RowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareUpdateExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'ShareRowExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'ExclusiveLock'::text),
         ('AccessExclusiveLock'::text, 'AccessExclusiveLock'::text)
       ),
     l AS
       (
         SELECT
             (locktype,DATABASE,relation::regclass::text,page,tuple,virtualxid,transactionid,classid,objid,objsubid) AS target,
             virtualtransaction,
             pid,
             mode,
             granted
           FROM pg_catalog.pg_locks
       ),
     t AS
       (
         SELECT
             blocker.target  AS blocker_target,
             blocker.pid     AS blocker_pid,
             blocker.mode    AS blocker_mode,
             '1'::int        AS depth,
             blocked.target  AS target,
             blocked.pid     AS pid,
             blocked.mode    AS mode,
             blocker.pid::text || ',' || blocked.pid::text AS seq
           FROM l blocker
           JOIN l blocked
             ON ( NOT blocked.granted
              AND blocked.pid != blocker.pid
              AND blocked.target IS NOT DISTINCT FROM blocker.target)
           JOIN c ON (c.requested = blocked.mode AND c.current = blocker.mode)
         UNION ALL
         SELECT
             blocker.target,
             blocker.pid,
             blocker.mode,
             depth + 1,
             blocked.target,
             blocked.pid,
             blocked.mode,
             blocker.seq || ',' || blocked.pid::text
           FROM t blocker
           JOIN l blocked
             ON ( NOT blocked.granted
              AND blocked.pid != blocker.pid
              AND blocked.target IS NOT DISTINCT FROM blocker.target)
           JOIN c ON (c.requested = blocked.mode AND c.current = blocker.mode)
           WHERE depth < 1000
       )
SELECT target, blocker_pid, blocker_mode, depth, pid AS blocked_pid, mode AS blocked_mode, seq
  FROM t ORDER BY seq;
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