CREATE COLLATION

From PostgreSQL wiki

Revision as of 14:11, 10 June 2013 by Gvim (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

名字

CREATE COLLATION -- define a new collation

语法概要

CREATE COLLATION name (

   [ LOCALE = locale, ]
   [ LC_COLLATE = lc_collate, ]
   [ LC_CTYPE = lc_ctype ]

) CREATE COLLATION name FROM existing_collation

描述

CREATE COLLATION defines a new collation using the specified operating system locale settings, or by copying an existing collation.

To be able to create a collation, you must have CREATE privilege on the destination schema.

参数

name The name of the collation. The collation name can be schema-qualified. If it is not, the collation is defined in the current schema. The collation name must be unique within that schema. (The system catalogs can contain collations with the same name for other encodings, but these are ignored if the database encoding does not match.)

locale This is a shortcut for setting LC_COLLATE and LC_CTYPE at once. If you specify this, you cannot specify either of those parameters.

lc_collate Use the specified operating system locale for the LC_COLLATE locale category. The locale must be applicable to the current database encoding. (See CREATE DATABASE for the precise rules.)

lc_ctype Use the specified operating system locale for the LC_CTYPE locale category. The locale must be applicable to the current database encoding. (See CREATE DATABASE for the precise rules.)

existing_collation The name of an existing collation to copy. The new collation will have the same properties as the existing one, but it will be an independent object.

注意

Use DROP COLLATION to remove user-defined collations.

See Section 22.2 for more information about collation support in PostgreSQL.

示例

To create a collation from the operating system locale fr_FR.utf8 (assuming the current database encoding is UTF8):

CREATE COLLATION french (LOCALE = 'fr_FR.utf8'); To create a collation from an existing collation:

CREATE COLLATION german FROM "de_DE"; This can be convenient to be able to use operating-system-independent collation names in applications.

兼容性

There is a CREATE COLLATION statement in the SQL standard, but it is limited to copying an existing collation. The syntax to create a new collation is a PostgreSQL extension.

参见

ALTER COLLATION, DROP COLLATION

Personal tools